This option may be more appropriate to people who have regular income. A Chapter 13 filing immediately “stays” or stops any creditor action such as garnishment, foreclosure, repossession, seizure and attempts at collection including phone calls and letters.
The person files a payment plan with the bankruptcy trustee and agrees to pay all future debts on time while an affordable monthly payment plan allows them to pay back their creditors partially or in full over a three to five-year period. In return, the debtor can keep their property (home, vehicle and other assets) so long as the plan payments are made.
A Chapter 13 bankruptcy remains on the person’s credit report for seven years.